Wednesday, June 7, 2023

Which Credit Score Do Lenders Use

Which Fico Score Generation Do Mortgage Lenders Use

How Lenders Use Credit Score

The best-known credit scores are going to fall under either the FICO or VantageScore brands. There are multiple generations of each score brand, as every few years, the score developers create newer versions. So, for example, theres a VantageScore 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0.

In most lending environments outside of mortgages, its hard to know which specific credit score a lender will use to evaluate your application. And, even if you knew your lender used a FICO Score or a VantageScore credit score, you still would not know which generation of the score it is using.

For example, you may apply for an auto loan with one lender that checks your FICO Auto Score 8 based on your Experian credit report. Yet, if you apply for financing with a different auto lender, it may opt to check your VantageScore 3.0 score based on TransUnion data.

The only way to know for sure is to ask the lender which credit report and which credit score version it plans to check, but that isnt a guarantee that theyll tell you.

The mortgage industry is different. Because of the aforementioned FHFA mandate, mortgage lenders must use the following versions of FICOs scoring models:

  • Experian: FICO Score 2, sometimes referred to as FICO V2 or FICO-II
  • TransUnion: FICO Score 4, sometimes referred to as FICO Classic 04
  • Equifax: FICO Score 5, sometimes referred to as BEACON 5.0

Don’t Overthink Your Credit Scores

While your credit scores can be important, there are three reasons that it makes more sense to focus on general healthy credit habits rather than a specific score:

  • Many consumer credit scoring models use similar criteria to determine your score.
  • You don’t know which scoring model an auto lender will use.
  • If you apply for financing through a dealership, the finance office may submit your application to multiple lenders that could use different scores.
  • Building a positive credit history can help increase all your credit scores, and you won’t need to worry about which score the lender uses.

    Why Is It So Important To Get A Low Interest Rate On My Mortgage

    You probably already know that a lower interest rate means a smaller monthly payment. But do you know just how big of an effect a smaller monthly payment can have?

    Lets look at an example. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in March 2018 the average sales price of a new home sold in the United States was $366,000. If you were to go to the closing table with a 20% down payment and opted for a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage, heres how much it would cost you over time depending on your interest rates.

    Also Check: Va Home Loan Requirements Credit Score

    Assess Your Unique Circumstances Before You Decide

    On the other hand, applying on your own means the lender will only take into account your income and not your partners. This means you might qualify for a smaller mortgage. Regardless of whether one partner name is on the mortgage, his or her name can still be on the title of the home.

    Understanding the ins and outs of credit scores and joint mortgages will help you and your partner take this major step together and get you closer to becoming homeowners. For answers to any questions you might have about joint mortgages, give our home lending advisors a call. Theyre happy to help.

    Interest Paid By Fico Score

    What Credit Score Model Do Mortgage Lenders Use
    FICO Score

    Based on the in August 2021

    If your credit score is on the lower end, even a small difference in your mortgage score can make a big difference in the cost of your home loan. You could wind up paying more than 20% more each month, which can make it harder to afford a mortgage.

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    What Credit Score Is Used For Home Loans

    There are five different FICO score models currently used by most lenders of all types. The vast majority of mortgage lenders use the same ones: FICO Score 2, 4 and 5. These are the models used by the credit bureaus Experian, TransUnion and Equifax respectively. Theyre called FICO mortgage scores.

    FICO Score 2, FICO Score 4 and FICO Score 5: remember these names when comparing the credit scores you get for free.

    What Credit Scores Do Car Lenders Use

    Although you might not know exactly which credit score an auto lender will use, the following types of credit scores are popular options:

    FICO® Score 8 and 9. These are the latest generic FICO® scoring models. Although FICO® didn’t create these models specifically for auto lenders, they are widely used credit scores, and auto lenders may use a base FICO® Score when reviewing auto loan applications.

    FICO® Auto Scores. There are multiple versions of the industry-specific FICO® Auto Score, which is created specifically for auto lenders. The FICO® Auto Scores are based on a generic FICO® Score, and then the score is altered to better predict a person’s likelihood of repaying an auto loan on time. Your history with auto loans could be especially important in determining your FICO® Auto Scores.

    VantageScore® 3.0 and 4.0. These are the two latest versions of the credit scoring model created by VantageScore, a credit scoring agency founded by the three major credit bureaus . According to a 2017 report from VantageScore Solutions and financial consulting firm Oliver Wyman, auto lenders used a VantageScore credit score for more than 70% of new auto loan and lease decisions from July 2016 to June 2017.

    Read Also: Credit Cards For Credit Score Of 600

    How Do I Get My True Fico Score For Free

    The first place you should check for your free FICO Score is with your credit card issuer. Many card issuers provide their cardholders with free access to their credit score. While there’s a good chance you’ll have access to your credit score, the key is whether it’s your FICO Score or VantageScore.

    Why Are Credit Scores Lower For Fha Loans

    What Credit Score Do Mortgage Lenders Use?

    If you have a low credit score, your loan officer or online preapproval process may direct you to an FHA loan.

    FHA loans are so named because the Federal Housing Administration, or FHA, insures them. With government insurance protecting these loans, lenders can offer competitive interest rates even if your score wouldnt qualify you for a conventional mortgage.

    FHA insurance helps borrowers with lower credit scores get loans with lower mortgage rates and low down payment requirements. But this flexibility costs money. Your loan would require an upfront mortgage insurance premium of 1.75% of the loan amount. Thats $4,375 if youre getting a $250,000 home loan.

    Youll also pay an annual MIP which typically costs 0.85% of the loan balance each year. Later, once youve paid down the balance enough, you could refinance into a conventional mortgage to eliminate these extra premiums.

    Conventional or conforming mortgages loans that follow rules set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac will need private mortgage insurance unless youre making a down payment of 20% or more.

    But with conventional loans you can stop paying PMI once youve paid off 20% of the loan amount.

    Also Check: What Credit Score Do You Start At

    Why Are There Different Fico Scores

    When you apply for credit, whether its your first credit card or a second mortgage, lenders need to decide whether youre enough and likely to repay the money. To do this they check your credit scores or get credit reports from one or more of the major credit bureaus: Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. Each has its own credit score that is developed by FICO, and these scores are calculated based on your credit history and other information that goes into your credit report.

    There are also multiple versions of FICO scores, reflecting the evolution of the credit market and consumer behavior since the scores first became a tool for lenders back in 1989. Just in terms of the amount of credit we use, theres been a big increase over the past few decades, with consumer borrowing rising by approximately 15% over the last four years. A typical borrower today probably would have been considered a higher credit risk under older methods of calculating credit scores.

    FICO has rolled out 10 versions of its base score over the years, and most of them are still in use by lenders to some extent. Lenders can choose from the following base versions:

    • FICO 10 and 10T

    The FICO 10 Suite, which lenders could access as of 2020, introduced more flexibility and predictability into the scoring model to help lenders avoid the risk of defaults by borrowers. A number of lenders have switched to FICO 9, which is more forgiving of unpaid medical bills, but FICO 8 remains the most widely used.

    How Much Deposit Do I Need To Get A Mortgage With A Poor Credit Score

    It may be the case that to access your chosen lenders rates and meet their terms, you have to deposit a higher percentage of the properties market value. That being said, the amount of deposit you need to get a mortgage will vary depending on a whole host of factors including your age and the type of property you want to buy.

    There isnt a typical deposit size, but some lenders ask applicants to deposit as much as 30% for a mortgage if they have a poor credit score or low affordability.

    For a home valued at £200,000 that would equate to a £60,000 deposit. Large deposits arent a viable option for a lot of borrowers and thankfully there are a handful of lenders that appreciate this and may be more willing to lend under more flexible terms.

    Recommended Reading: How To.raise Your Credit Score Fast

    How To Get Started

    If youre ready to begin the homebuying or refinance process but are unsure about your credit situation, check with your bank or credit card issuer to get an idea of your score. You also should download your full report yearly to evaluate your history and ensure there are no errors.

    Your credit history might be complicated.

    To help you learn more about your situation and improve your score, consider working with your lender or a financial counselor to help you get where you need to be.

    Which Fico Score Do Mortgage Lenders Use 2020

    A complete guide to business lending

    The most commonly used FICO Score in the mortgage-lending industry is the FICO Score 5. According to FICO, the majority of lenders pull credit histories from all three credit reporting agencies as they evaluate mortgage applications. Mortgage lenders may also use FICO Score 2 or FICO Score 4 in their decisions as well.

    Recommended Reading: Best Buy Credit Card 620 Credit Score

    Is Fico Score The Same As Credit Score

    On the one hand, the terms credit score and FICO® Score are often used interchangeably. However, be advised: A FICO® Score is just one type of credit score noting that different scoring providers and methods exist.

    Most FICO® scores hover within the 300 850 range, with tallies above 670 considered a good score.

    Financial providers can look to various choices of credit bureau and reporting methods when seeking to compute your credit score. That said, typically, when mortgage lenders are seeking to gauge your creditworthiness, the credit score theyre likeliest to consider is that provided by FICO®.

    Having a higher FICO® Score can help increase your chances of obtaining a loan and securing it from a wider pool of potential providers significantly.

    Read Also: How Bad Is My Credit Rating

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    How Is A Credit Score Calculated On A Joint Mortgage

    When two people decide to buy a house together, they have a lot to consider. You and your partner have likely talked about how you’ll combine your finances, share expenses and save for major purchases.

    Buying a home is one of the biggest decisions people will make. You’ve probably kept careful track of your credit score and made sure not to do anything that could lower it.

    But what about your partner’s credit score? If you and your partner decide on a joint mortgage, both of your credit scores will come into play. This guide will review how credit scores work, how they affect mortgage applications, how to calculate credit score on a joint mortgage and what to do if your partner has bad credit.

    What Was New With Fico Score 9

    ð How To Find Out Which FICO Credit Score Your Lender Is Using â

    While the underlying foundation of FICO® Score 9 is consistent with previous versions, there are several unique features that make up FICO Score 9:

    • Any third-party collections that have been paid off no longer have a negative impact.
    • Medical collections are treated differently than other types of debt. Unpaid medical collections will have less of a negative impact on FICO® Score 9.
    • Rental history, when it’s reported, factors into the score. This may be especially beneficial for people with a limited credit history.

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    How Do I Check My Auto Score

    You can check your FICO® Auto Score by purchasing your credit reports and scores . However, there are also many ways to check your other credit scores for free.

    While each score you receive will depend on the scoring model and the underlying credit report, knowing these other scores can give you a general idea of where you stand before you apply for an auto loan.

    Some of the places you can look for a free credit score include:

    • Banks and credit unions
    • Online financial product comparison sites
    • Experian gives you free access to a FICO® Score 8 based on your Experian credit report
    • offers one free report from each of the credit bureaus each year

    How Can I Get Something Wrong On My Credit Report Removed

    If you think that information on your credit report is wrong, you have the right to dispute it with the company that has registered the error. This can sometimes be a tedious process but errors on credit reports can delay mortgage applications and can exclude you from access to the best rates.

    If you decide to seek help from a mortgage broker, youll be happy to know that they can assist with helping you to get bad credit removed from your record as well as advising you on how to improve your score with the CRAs in the UK.

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    Can I Get A Mortgage With A Low Credit Score

    It can be reassuring to know that having a low credit score doesnt rule out the possibility of a mortgage, especially if you have the help of a mortgage broker as they can quickly show you where the lenders are that may be able to offer you the finance you need.

    Some lenders may even take the reason behind the bad credit into account, as well as the severity of the problem and if its been resolved.

    In short – even with severe and recent issues on your report that have resulted in a low credit score, it may still be possible to obtain a mortgage. Ask a broker to check your credit score and source a choice of relevant lenders.

    Get A Credit Strong Credit Builder Loan

    Approval Requirements for a Mortgage Loan in Kentucky for 2020

    One of the best ways to build payment history is to get a Credit Strong credit builder account. Credit Strong is part of an FDIC insured bank and offers credit builder loans. Credit builder loans are special types of loan accounts that build credit easily.

    When you apply for a loan from Credit Strong, you can select the term of the loan and the amount of the monthly payment. Credit Strong does not immediately release the funds to you. Instead, the company places the money in a savings account for you.

    As you make your monthly payments, it improves your credit by building your payment history. Credit Strong will report your payments to each credit bureau.

    When you finish paying off the loan, Credit Strong will give you access to the savings account it established for you, making the program a sort of forced savings plan that also helps you build credit.

    Ultimately, with interest and fees, youll pay a bit more for the loan than youll get back at the end, but this can still be a solid option for a borrower who wants to improve their credit while building savings.

    Unlike some other credit builder loan providers, Credit Strong is highly flexible, letting you choose from a variety of payment plans. You can also cancel your plan at any time so you wont damage your credit by missing payments if you fall on hard times.

    See the credit builder loan pricing and plans here.

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    You Can Still Get Credit If You Have A Low Credit Score

    If you have a low credit score, a lender may ask for a guarantor. A guarantor is a second person who signs a credit agreement to say they will repay the money if you don’t. This can be a way you can borrow money or get credit when on your own you might not be able to.

    If you are using a guarantor to borrow, they’ll also have to give information about their personal details so that the creditor can check they’re credit worthy. Try to pick a guarantor who is likely to have a good credit score.

    The guarantor is responsible for paying the money back if you don’t and they have the same rights as you under the credit agreement. For example, the guarantor should get the same information before and after signing an agreement.

    If you are thinking about agreeing to be a guarantor for someone else, make sure you understand what you are agreeing to. Read all the small print in the agreement before signing it.

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